Longitudinal assessment of brain microstructure and function in female rugby players

Takeaway

  • Brain microstructural and functional changes occur in contact versus non-contact athletes during in- and off-seasons, even if they are clinically asymptomatic.

Why this matters

  • Although some studies report no cognitive effects in non-concussed contact-sport athletes, others suggest brain microstructural and functional changes are common in this population.

  • A proper understanding of this issue could impact current safety measures in contact sports such as rugby and the clinical monitoring protocols for these athletes.