Paraneoplastic neurological syndrome with Hu antibodies often affects eye-movement control, even in the absence of CNS signs or symptoms

Abstract

Background and purpose: Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes with Hu-antibodies (Hu-PNS) are immune-mediated disorders in patients with malignancies, most frequently small cell lung cancer, affecting both the peripheral and central nervous system (CNS). In Hu-PNS, brainstem and cerebellar involvement are common. Here, we assessed whether eye-movement disturbances can be used for diagnosis and monitoring of CNS involvement in Hu-PNS.